Technion, the Israel Institute of Technology, is central to the country’s transformation as a “startup nation”, a world leader in innovation. Muriel Touaty, CEO of Technion France, says that Israel’s success in this field is due first and foremost to its history as a country that had to be virtually built from scratch in the desert. It is also the result of a strong “horizontal culture”, “collaborative and participatory intelligence”, and a “taste for achieving excellence.” In addition, in Israel, researchers are entrepreneurs, connected to other innovation participants inside and outside the country, including in France.