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With a carbon footprint that accounts for 3% of worldwide greenhouse gas emissions, maritime transport is as polluting as air transport or the whole of Germany. However, cargo transport – 80% of which is by sea – still outperforms every other transportation system. The decarbonisation of shipping is therefore crucial. The UN, EU, national governments and other key players in the sector (shipowners, shippers, ports, etc.) are working together to accelerate maritime transport’s environmental transition.